|Name in Malayalam
|Name in Hindi
|Leaf, Root ,Stem, Fruit
|Treatment of diabetes, diarrhoea, liver problems etc
Salacia is an important medicinal plant, which considered as a source of secondary metabolites with a wide range of pharmaceutical attributes. Species of Salacia include S. chinenesis, S. fructicosa, S. macrosperma, S. Reticulata, S. oblonga and S. madagascariensis etc., extensively found in southern parts of India. Historically, the Salacia plants are used as part of the traditional Ayurvedic system of Indian medicine to treat diseases such as diabetes. Currently, extracts of Salacia are consumed in commercial foods and food supplements in Japan for the treatment of diabetes and obesity. In indigenous system of medicine, Salacia are used for the treatment of diabetes, diarrhoea, liver problems etc, without the sufficient knowledge of its bioactivity. Now it has been understood that it is mainly because of the bioactive compounds found with it are able to inhibit the α–glucosidase activity as a result of it, blood glucose level will be less. A most potent natural α-glucosidase inhibitor named salacinol has been isolated from an antidiabetic Ayurvedic traditional medicinal plant Salacia.