Jambul (Jambul) is an evergreen tree found mainly in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Kerala, except in drought prone areas of India. Also locally known as Njavul and Njara. Syzygium cumini is the scientific name for the novel, which belongs to the myrtle family. The reason why the Indian subcontinent is known as Jambudweep is because of the abundant javelin here.
Jambul commonly known as Malabar plum, Java plum, black plum, jamun or jambolan,
is an evergreen tropical tree in the flowering plant family Myrtaceae, and favored for its fruit, timber, and ornamental value. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent, adjoining regions of Southeast Asia, including Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and the Andaman Islands. It can reach heights of up to 30 metres (98 ft) and can live more than 100 years. A rapidly growing plant, it is considered an invasive species in many world regions.
The name of the fruit: black plum
, is sometimes mistranslated as blackberry, which is a different fruit in an unrelated order. Syzygium cumini
has been introduced to areas including islands of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia, Hong Kong and Singapore.
As a rapidly growing species, it can reach heights of up to 30 m and can live more than 100 years. Its dense foliage provides shade and is grown just for its ornamental value. At the base of the tree, the bark is rough and dark grey, becoming lighter grey and smoother higher up. The wood is water resistant after being kiln-dried.
Because of this, it is used in railway sleepers and to install motors in wells. It is sometimes used to make cheap furniture and village dwellings, though it is relatively hard for carpentry.
The leaves which have an aroma similar to turpentine, are pinkish when young, changing to a leathery, glossy dark green with a yellow midrib as they mature. The leaves are used as food for livestock, as they have good nutritional value.
Bark greyish brown, with large flakes, smooth higher up. Slash aromatic. Leaves with many close parallel veins, crushed leaves smells aromatic, Flowers and fruits produced in bunches on leafless part of branches.
Fruit: A globose berry, red to dark blue; seed solitary. Fruiting from June-July.
Ripe fruits are edible. Chewy and juicy fruits are very popular with children. Strawberries are often used to make pickles and jams. Vinegar can be made from fruit. The leaves are used as fodder. Some silkworms also feed on leaves. In some places people use jaggery sticks to clean their teeth. Bees make good honey from flowers that are full of honey. But if left unmanaged, they can be left astray and lose the right path. Good for burning wood and charcoal. Timber is used for a variety of purposes. The wood is moist and does not eat termites. Wood is good for making guitars. A stain is obtained from the wood of the javelin, which is used to paint the nets. In the Philippines, strawberries are widely distilled into alcohol.
The Jambul fruit extract is used in treating the common cold, cough, and flu. The Jambul bark is a mixture of bio components like tannins and carbohydrates, they impart as astringent to fight dysentery. The Jambul seed is rich in glycosides which possess anti-diabetic properties.