Ficus lyrata, is a species of flowering plant
in the mulberry and fig family Moraceae
. It is native
to western Africa, from Cameroon
west to Sierra Leone
, where it grows in lowland tropical rainforest
. It can grow up to 12–15 m (39–49 ft) tall. It is a popular ornamental tree
in subtropical and tropical gardens, and is also grown as a houseplant
areas, where it usually stays shorter and fails to flower or fruit. It requires indirect natural light. It is hardy down to 10 °C (50 °F), so specimens may be placed outside during warm periods.
Fiddle-Leaf Fig, a native of Tropical Africa, is a large evergreen tree often reaching 40 feet in nature. They have large shiny, fiddle-shaped (or guitar-shaped) green leaves up to 15 inches long. Interestingly, this fig can also be grown as a house-plant in a pot. It can also grow as a free-standing tree on its own, growing up to 12-15 m tall. The leaves are variable in shape, but often with a broad apex and narrow middle, resembling a fiddle; they are up to 45 cm long and 30 cm broad, though usually smaller, with a leathery texture and a wavy margin. The fruit is a green fig 2.5-3 cm diameter.
Leaf extract has high antibacterial and antifungal activity against bacterial and fungal species while root extract has low antibacterial and antifungal activity against bacterial and fungal species.